There is a reported Hepatitis A outbreak amongst Men who have sex with men.
According to Rapid Risk Assessment by the European Centre for Disease Prevention & Control:
“…Since February 2016, 287 confirmed hepatitis A cases infected with three distinct strains of sub-genotype IA virus have been reported by 13 EU countries. These include cases from eight additional countries, 263 more cases and one additional strain compared with the data reported in the first risk assessment published on the 19 December 2016….”
“Most cases are reported among adult men who have sex with men (MSM)…”
This suggests this may be more a sexual link than hygiene issue.
“The main prevention measure in the context of the current outbreaks is hepatitis A vaccination of MSM”
Hepatitis A is an acute, usually self-limiting infection caused by the hepatitis A virus. Transmission is predominately by the faecal-oral route, through contaminated water or food-products and/or by person-to-person contact. Transmission through sexual exposure has been associated with outbreaks in men who have sex with men (MSM), and transmission through sharing of needles and syringes with outbreaks among people who inject drugs. Parenteral transmission through infected instruments or, rarely, blood components has been documented.
Below is a simple guide on what is Hep A, and how to prevent it.